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 ten basic things every driver should be able

How much do you know about the inner workings of your car truck? Here are ten basic things every motor should be able to do

 On obstructed visibility is critical to safe driving, helping ensure your vehicle's windshield is clear of precipitation and road grime is washer fluid.

Unfortunately, it couldn't be simpler to keep the reservoir filled with plenty of this refreshing looking but poisonous liquid Just pop the hood and look for a cap.

They're usually blue for easy spotting, then let's pop it off Top or up.

But fluid is only half the equation Occasionally, you're gonna need a fresh set of windshield wipers, which is, of course point number nine on this list.

Luckily, it's also an easy task to swap them as they essentially clip into place to release a blade, there's often a small button that you push Other times they slide into a hook on the end of the arm.

In either case, the blade shouldn't be overly difficult to swap out So give it a try next time there's smear rather than wiping.

 Moving on, another mission critical vehicle component is engine oil and it's super easy to check provided you don't own an electric car as they lack crank cases full of lubricant or a modern Bmw, which of course, don't have dips stick Keeping an eye on the oil is a snap just make sure the vehicle is sitting on a relatively level surface And if you just parked it, wait a few minutes as the oil may not have completely drained back into the pan, which could result in a false reading with all that out of the way.

Simply pull the dip stick out, wipe it off with a rag or piece of paper towel and stick it back into the tube from when it came Then pull her out again and read the level.

If the oil shows between the low and full marks, you're good to go Now this is a case where more is not better.

Having an over abundance of oil in an engine can be just as bad as not enough In fact, it can lead to and many other issues.

So basically keep it between the marks and you should be all set But if the engine is low on lube, every driver should also be able to top off the crank case.

Just locate the filler cap , then pour a bit of oil down in there.

Wait a minute or so and check the dips again, avoid over filling, add small amounts until the correct level is achieved So car engines typically take between four and five ports, though this does vary a ram three five hundred Hd truck with the cummins straight diesel requires three gallons.

Just make sure to check the owner's manual for specific details But taking this a step further, you could also change the oil and filter, which usually isn't called.

If you can do this,  you have just earned major do it yourself bonus points

 Next, let's talk about the only part of your vehicle that should ever touch the road.

Yes, that would be the tires Point number six all motorists should be able to check their tire pressure.

Again, this is a very simple task Just remove the valve stem cap.

And stick a gauge firmly over the end Make sure it seats well so no air leaks out around the edges, something that could lead to an inaccurate measurement.

Now unless there are special circumstances, of course it's best to maintain the factory recommended pressure which is displayed on a pla usually near the driver's side door jam Inflate or deflate as required.

And while we're in this area, every driver should be able to change a flat tire, Though unfortunately temporary spares have become less and less common, replaced by space and weight saving emergent inflation kits Still, the ability to jack vehicle up, remove an offend flat and install a spare tire is an important skill to have is spin ashley, if you get a flat, where cell phone service is not available.

And remember, that's lefty tidy right, righty loo Just strip the threads and back off after.

You'll be fine Also add major bonus points if you're able to rotate those tires a process that's a bit more time consuming, though the payoff of course is prolonged tire life.

If you're right is new, probably also have to reprogram the tire pressure monitoring system, so it accurately shows where each tire is located Now point number four on this list of things every motor should be able to do is jump start a vehicle that has a dead battery of course this requires a set of cables, a car truck that's fully charged and a little bit of know.

When attempting this, the most important thing is making sure you do not mix up the leads A positive terminal must connect to a positive terminal negative to negative.

If you switch them around, Very bad things will happen A helpful hint to prevent this is that the color red is associated with positive and black with negative.

Also in modern vehicles, the negative cable doesn't necessarily have to connect directly to the battery as the negative side is grounded to the engine and body structure So an engine bracket or metal part of the body will work just as well as a terminal, but if you're in doubt, go for the battery.

Fresh air is a wonderful thing It's as necessary to life as it is to your engine.

You see without a free flowing supply of oxygen internal combustion simply cannot take place, and that's why it's important to keep tabs on your vehicle's air filter If it's clogged with dirt and debris, it won't flow as much as it should, reducing your engine's output.

But the good news is there usually cheap and relatively easy to replace Now this will vary from one vehicle to another, but in many modern cars and rocks the air filter is found underneath a large rectangular housing with the lid held in place by screws or clips.

In either case, just pop it off to gain access to the filter itself The new element should drop right in, but make sure to orient it in the same way as the old one.

Police need to face the incoming air to capture as much dirt as possible Many vehicles are also equipped with cabin air filters they clean the air before it enters the h hvac system, depending on make and model.

These can be easier or much harder to replace than an engineer filter but give yourself even more bonus points if you're capable of this maintenance item Next up Point number two, every driver shouldn't be able to inspect their car or truck serpent team belt.

Provided part and isn't concealed by layer after layer of plastic shroud, it shouldn't be a snap to give a quick once over If bell shows heavy ab, cracking across the grooves, length wise tearing or other obvious signs of damage, you'll want to replace it sooner than later.

And award yourself some super bonus points if you can tackle this job on your own in theory the process is simple, but it often feels like you need two extra sets of hands to get the belt positioned exactly where it needs to be with the tension released And remember, proper routing is critical for all accessories to function.

Finally, every driver out there should be able to give their engine's cooling system a good once over Critically important yet often ignored like that exercise equipment you bought around the holidays in two thousand seven.

Cooling systems have to cope with scorching summer heat and arctic coal Keep an eye out for swelled shaped cracked or weeping hoses they are fixing the burst, which will leave you stranded, Also make sure there's enough cool in the overflow reservoir, add more as required.

And of course if it looks like Ana freeze is colored or rusty, i means cooling system is long overdue to be flushed out Something you can do yourself if your fancy earning even more bonus points.

And there you have a ten simple vehicle maintenance items Every driver should be able to tackle.

How many of these things can you do and how many bonus points did you earn Well, write your responses here on the screen and we'll make sure to read every single one of them.

Wow Anyway, thank you for watching this not so short list and as always make sure to follow the manufacturer's recommended maintenance items for your vehicle.

Oh, and just a very quick housekeeping note if you're looking for a dependable vehicle do not by any of the ten highlighted in the last sort of the shortlist list that we published It's actually all about the ten least reliable vehicles according to our friends over at consumer reports.

So if you don't wanna spend all the rest of your free time in a dealership service department on the side of the road, steer clear of all those vehicles.